A little GPZ History : The GPz1100

The place to discuss classic motorbikes. Post your latest project or interesting finds.

Moderators: Aladinsaneuk, MartDude, D-Rider, Moderators

Post Reply
User avatar
Posts: 8361
Joined: Thu Dec 14, 2006 6:16 pm

A little GPZ History : The GPz1100

#1 Post by Kwackerz » Sat Feb 23, 2008 7:16 pm

With its bright red paintwork, fancy new initials and high-tech fuel-injection system, the original GPz1100 was the biggest and fastest of a new three-bike range of high-performance fours that brought Kawasaki storming into the 1980s. But once glance confirmed that the big GPz was very much a superbike of the old school, with an air-cooled, two-valves-per-cylinder engine, twin-shock chassis and generous supplies of both power and weight.

Even at a standstill, the GPz was an imposing motorcycle. Its angular styling made no attempt to hide the fact that this bike was not built to be messed with. Its seat was high, its wheelbase was a long, and it weighed a substantial 5621b (255kg) with fuel. The engine's capacity of 1089cc was slightly smaller than that of Yamaha's rival XSI100. let alone Kawasaki's own Z1300 six.

But with a peak output of I08bhp at 8500rpm. the GPz was the world's most powerful four in 1981.

Kawasaki needed that credibility boost, because the Big K's reputation for all-conquering performance had slipped since the mid-1970s heyday of the Z1 and Z900. Unlike its rival the 16-valve Suzuki GSX1100. the GPz relied on Kawasaki's age-old format of two valves per cylinder. But the new motor was substantially uprated from that of the Z1000H EFI. which had become the world's first fuel-injected roadster 12 months earlier.

Capacity was increased by boring out the cylinders to give dimensions of 72.5 x 66mm. and the larger pistons had higher domed crowns to increase compression ratio. The new motor had bigger valves and revised timing for its twin cams, the crankshaft was lightened, the five-speed gearbox strengthened and an oil-cooler added between the frame's twin downtubes.

The GPz's chassis was also based on that of the 1000H. with numerous modifications. Its main frame tubes were made from larger-diameter but thinner-walled steel. Rake and trail dimensions were increased. Front forks were 38mm in diameter and air-assisted. Rear shocks could be tuned for rebound damping as well as the normal preload. All this was state-of-the-art for a Japanese superbike. So too was the bike's large instrument console, with its voltmeter and fuel gauge set between the speedometer and rev-counter.

Those dials got to record plenty of action. With its big valves and hot cams the GPz liked to be revved, tugging hard on its rider's arms as it howled through the gears towards the 8500rpm redline and a top speed of around 140mph (225km/h). Acceleration away from the line was ferocious, making the GPz motorcycling's straight-line king in 1981. And its mid-range delivery was excellent, too. The fuel-injection gave a crisp response, sending the bike surging forward even from below 3000rpm in top gear.

Stability at speed was good provided the GPz was pointed in a straight line and the throttle was held open. Competent suspension meant that the big bike could be good fun in corners, too. But braking and changing direction at the same time was more than the chassis could take without complaint. The GPz was slightly lighter than its Z1000H predecessor but there was still a lot of metal to throw around.

Kawasaki moved quickly to update the GPz. adding a handlebar fairing in 1982. and a year later revising it further with a larger, solid-mounted fairing plus single-shock rear suspension. In 1984 came a bigger step: the liquid-cooled. 16-valve GPZ900R. That was the bike with which Kawasaki entered the modern era. but its debt to its predecessor of 1981 should not be overlooked. For it was the first big red GPz1100 four that restored Kawasaki's justifiably proud reputation for full-blooded high performance.

Source of review: Fast Bikes by Roland Brown

User avatar
SuperBike Racer
SuperBike Racer
Posts: 1159
Joined: Wed Jan 03, 2007 10:17 pm
Location: The land down under

#2 Post by Viking » Wed Mar 04, 2009 1:26 am

I thought this was going to be about the mid-90s GPz1100. (The one based on a detuned ZZR1100. I guess they didn't sell very many, as they only sold for a year or two.)
It's the V-twin thing. There's just something about it that inline-4s don't have at all, and V-4s don't have enough of.

Post Reply